Muscle cramps are caused due to the lack of enough blood flow in the muscles of a person. Muscle cramps are not a life-threatening disease but their occurrence can lead to complications. Most of the times, muscular cramps are experienced after long periods of sitting or standing.
The main cause of this type of ailment is lack of circulation in muscles. The symptoms vary from person to person and depend on the cause. Some commonly affected muscles are those in the leg, behind the thigh and in the lower leg.
There are many different kinds of Muscle Cramp which have been researched and mentioned below: Exercise-associated muscle cramps. This is a temporary muscle cramping which subsides when you resume your exercise.
Persistent persisting and intense exercise-associated muscle cramping may prove to be life-threatening. This can also be caused due to dehydration.
Leg cramps are common in those who have less activity than normal. The main cause for leg cramps is dehydration. When you take a rest and fail to exercise regularly, the muscle fibers lose their elasticity and become firm. If the cause of leg cramps is exercise related then a visit to the doctor may help identify the reason for the symptoms.
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Another type of ailment which affects the leg is exercise induced muscle soreness. This can be caused due to many reasons like injury or stress. A severe case of soreness may end up in inflammation and infection.
The treatment for this ailment is pain medication which needs to be taken with plenty of water to flush out the medicines. Some of the precautions which need to be observed for this ailment are frequent exercise, resting the affected part in between exercises and maintaining good posture while exercising.
Muscle fatigue occurs due to excessive strain or too much exercise for a little period. The muscles become exhausted during long periods of work. If you work out for long hours then more force is required to keep up the same intensity. As more muscle contraction occurs when fatigue sets in, causing discomfort in the muscles and legs.
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This can occur at anytime during your workout routine. Cramps in the leg occur due to muscle fatigue. However, they are more prominent during workouts when the body has to go through extreme physical exertion.
Excessive sweating also occurs in cases of muscle cramping. The excessive sweating is caused due to the increase in blood flow and the decreased level of sodium in the body. Other causes of muscle cramping include thyroid disease, dehydration due to exertion.
Excessive sodium levels in the body can lead to muscle cramping. A low-salt diet can lead to the accumulation of sodium in the muscles. Hypohydration, excessive exercise, and strenuous workouts can also cause cramping. So it is important to have proper nutrition and regular exercise.
What are muscle cramps? They are a result of extreme fatigue, exhaustion, or injury that makes it difficult to exercise. Resting for a few minutes before and after a workout can prevent cramping.
What are the true cramps? They are a pain felt in only one specific muscle. These are caused by swelling due to fluid retention, dehydration, and inflammation of the muscle tissue. There is no pain as with true cramps.
What are muscle cramps? They occur due to intense physical activity. Severe over training may result in these types of muscle cramps. Repetitive motion injury may also result in these types of cramps. Hormonal changes in women, especially during pregnancy and menopause can also cause these types of cramps.
What are exercise-associated muscle cramps? They occur during intense aerobic exercise. The excessive pumping of the heart causes the contraction of the muscles. The tightening of the muscles and the contractions result in painful cramping. The squeezing and cramping will stop when the exercise session is completed.
Exercise-induced cramps may help prevent muscle cramps by preventing excessive stretching of muscles. The duration and intensity of exercise should be carefully considered.
If you have experienced a previous episode of this type of cramp, it is best to refrain from strenuous exercise and begin taking pain relief immediately. You should let your doctor know if you are planning on starting any strenuous exercises since doing so may help to prevent another episode of this type of cramp.